General Primary Care for Adults
Whether you need an annual checkup, help managing a chronic condition, preventive care or diagnostic services, the role of your internal medicine physician at Northern Nevada Medical Group (NNMG) is to provide comprehensive healthcare to adult residents of Sparks, Reno, Spanish Springs and the surrounding communities.
NNMG is here for you for everything from routine medical issues to treatment for more complicated conditions. When necessary, you may also be referred to a specialist.
A Focus on Prevention and Early Detection
Your provider will work with you in the following ways to promote both wellness and disease prevention:
- Provide an annual physical exam
- Assess the current state of your health
- Review your medical history, including your family medical history
- Help to determine your risk for certain diseases
- Order timely preventive services, like mammograms and colonoscopies
- Keep you up-to-date on recommended vaccines
- Collaborate with you on a plan for staying well
- Provide information and tools to help you develop healthy lifestyle behaviors
Help for Managing Chronic Conditions
In addition to the above, your provider will also have had special training focusing on the treatment of adult diseases and conditions, including the following:
According to the American Diabetes Association, 1.5 million Americans are diagnosed with diabetes every year. For those with this metabolic disorder, the body is unable to regulate its blood glucose levels. Glucose comes from eating carbohydrates. For glucose to enter cells and be transformed into energy, insulin must be present. For people with diabetes, the pancreas either produces little or no insulin, or the body doesn't respond to the insulin that it does produce. Either way, glucose doesn't get into the body's cells and blood glucose levels in the blood become elevated. High blood sugar levels that are uncontrolled can damage many organs of the body.
High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure (also known as hypertension) is a common condition in which the blood flows through the veins or arteries at a higher pressure than normal. Serious health issues like heart attack, heart failure, stroke and kidney failure can result if high blood pressure is left untreated. A blood pressure reading of 140/90 or higher is generally considered high, while a reading of 180/120 is considered dangerously high and requires immediate attention. Lifestyle changes, such as eating a healthy diet, exercising more, quitting smoking, maintaining a healthy weight and effectively managing stress can help lower blood pressure. If lifestyle changes alone are not effective there are several types of medication that can help lower blood pressure.
According to the CDC, heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. While the term is used to refer to many types of heart conditions, the most common is coronary artery disease, which affects blood flow to the heart. The American Heart Association estimates that one in five Americans have some form of cardiovascular disease. Your internal medicine physician can diagnose and treat many heart conditions and coordinate with other healthcare professionals, as needed, including surgeons and emergency care physicians.
For those with this chronic disease, airways become swollen and inflamed, which makes breathing difficult. Any irritation of these overly-sensitive air passages can lead to an asthma attack with symptoms including chest tightness, coughing, wheezing, difficulty breathing or feeling of inability to catch one's breath. While there is no cure for asthma, medications and other treatments can help to treat symptoms or prevent them from occurring.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
COPD is a progressive disease that makes breathing more difficult. The two types of COPD are chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Each type can cause a variety of symptoms, such as shortness of breath, a mucus-producing cough, wheezing and chest tightness. While there is not a cure for COPD, treatment can help relieve symptoms.
Pneumonia and Influenza
Pneumonia can be a serious condition, especially in young children, older adults and people with other health issues. It is a lung infection that's caused by a virus, bacteria or inhaling a liquid. Symptoms may include shortness of breath, chest pain, cough and fever. Vaccines are available to help prevent some types of pneumonia.
Influenza, or the flu, is a common respiratory infection caused by a virus. Symptoms are usually worse than the common cold and may include body aches, chills, fever, headache and sore throat. While most people recover from the flu on their own, the condition can cause serious complications. The CDC recommends annual flu shots.
The internal medicine physicians at NNMG provide primary care to adults over 18.