When you suffer a foot problem, NNMG is here to help with expertise in diagnosing, treating and helping to prevent the issues and diseases that affect a patient's feet, ankles and related structures of the leg, such as:
The thick tissue on the bottom of your foot is called the plantar fascia. It connects your toes to your heel bone and creates the arch of your foot. Plantar fasciitis occurs when this tissue becomes swollen or inflamed, usually due to overuse or being overstretched. This frequent cause of heel pain in adults can make walking uncomfortable or difficult. It is especially common among athletes who run and jump a lot.
This condition occurs when a toe becomes bent downward and moves into a claw-like position. While it may affect any of the toes, it most often affects the second toe. It can be caused by wearing shoes that are too tight, which forces the toe into a bent position. This causes the muscles and tendons to tighten and become shorter resulting in a toe that, when viewed from the side, resembles an upside-down V.
Ligaments are the soft, strong and flexible tissue that attaches one bone to another. They help to keep your joints stable and ensure that they move in the proper way. Sprained ankles occur when the ligaments in your ankle are stretched, partially torn or fully torn.
When your big toe points toward your second toe, a bunion may form on the inside edge of your toe. As the bump gets worse, this condition can become painful, as a fluid-filled sac and extra bone grow at the base of your big toe. Bunions are more common among people born with abnormal bones in their feet. They can also be caused by wearing high-heeled shoes with a narrow toe.
The tendon that connects the bone of your heel to your calf muscle is called your Achilles tendon. Another common cause of foot and ankle pain is Achilles tendinitis. It occurs when the Achilles tendon becomes inflamed, often due to overuse in athletes or arthritis in middle-aged and older adults. The accompanying pain and swelling near the bottom of your foot can cause pain in your heel.
A bony protrusion that forms on the bottom of the bone at your heel is called a bone spur. Bone spurs can be caused by a number of things, including repeated strain on the ligaments and muscles of the foot. They often develop in athletes, especially runners and joggers, and individuals who wear shoes that don't fit correctly. Obesity can also be a factor in the development of bone spurs.
When the edge of your toenail grows into the soft skin of your toe it results in an ingrown toenail. This painful condition sometimes leads to infection. It is most common in the big toe but can occur in any toe. Common causes of ingrown toenails are shoes that are too tight and improperly trimmed toenails.